What is mucoid otitis media?
Abstract. A hallmark of mucoid otitis media (MOM, i.e., chronic otitis media with mucoid effusion) is mucus accumulation in the middle ear cavity, a condition that impairs transduction of sounds in the ear and causes hearing loss.
How is serous otitis media diagnosed?
(Serous Otitis Media; Otitis Media with Effusion) Diagnosis is based on appearance of the tympanic membrane and sometimes on tympanometry. Most cases resolve in 2 to 3 weeks. If there is no improvement in 1 to 3 months, some form of myringotomy is indicated, usually with insertion of a tympanostomy tube.
What does the tympanic membrane look like with otitis media?
A bulging, red, immobile tympanic membrane is highly associated with acute otitis media. However, many physicians rely on redness of the eardrum as the main diagnostic clue.
What is the most useful finding to determine otitis media?
Otitis media is diagnosed clinically via objective findings on physical exam (otoscopy) combined with the patient’s history and presenting signs and symptoms. Several diagnostic tools are available such as a pneumatic otoscope, tympanometry, and acoustic reflectometry to aid in the diagnosis of otitis media.
Who uses an otoscope?
An otoscope or auriscope is a medical device which is used to look into the ears. Health care providers use otoscopes to screen for illness during regular check-ups and also to investigate ear symptoms. An otoscope potentially gives a view of the ear canal and tympanic membrane or eardrum.
How would you describe otitis media with effusion?
Otitis media with effusion (OME) is a collection of non-infected fluid in the middle ear space. It is also called serous or secretory otitis media (SOM). This fluid may accumulate in the middle ear as a result of a cold, sore throat or upper respiratory infection.
What does otitis media look like?
A normal TM is a translucent pale gray. An opaque yellow or blue TM is consistent with MEE. Dark red indicates a recent trauma or blood behind the TM. A dark pink or lighter red TM is consistent with AOM or hyperemia of the TM caused by crying, coughing, or nose blowing.
How would you describe otitis media?
Otitis media: Inflammation of the middle ear characterized by the accumulation of infected fluid in the middle ear, bulging of the eardrum, pain in the ear and, if eardrum is perforated, drainage of purulent material (pus) into the ear canal.